January 31, 1904
1492; the Iberian peninsula was characterized by a variety of independent kingdoms prior to the Muslim occupation that began in the early 8th century A.D. and lasted nearly seven centuries
Total area note:
505,370There are two autonomous cities - Ceuta and Melilla - and 17 autonomous communities, and three small Spanish possessions off the coast of Morocco - Islas Chafarinas, Penon de Alhucemas, and Penon de Velez de la Gomera
47,370,542 (July 2013 est.)
Castilian Spanish (official) 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, and Basque 2% note: Catalan is official in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and the Valencian Community (where it is known as Valencian); in the northwest corner of Catalonia (Vall d'Aran), Aranese is official along with Catalan; Galician is official in Galicia; Basque is official in the Basque Country
CET (UTC+1) - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2a) Note: Except the Canary Islands, which observe UTC+0 (WET) and UTC+1 during summer time.
.es (.eu is also used.)